A stereotype is used to categorise a group of people. They are put into classifications, thinking that everyone who is that needs to be like that, or anyone who acts like their classifications is one.
The first image is a stereotype of Jewish. Casting the shadow of a big nose over the world. The second image is another stereotype of Jewish. Jewish people were not allowed to eat pigs, also the pigs represent greed. Rats and pests reproduce at alarming rates and they take over, symbolising Jewish people taking over. Also the Jewish symbol in the image shows that they have to legally wear the Jewish sign.
A stereotype character would be Vicky Pollard from the TV comedy series Little Britain. It is a parody of ‘chavs’ living in the West Country. She left school at 11, has 12 children, mixed race, swapped one baby for a Westlife CD, gets pregnant in order to get a council flat, claims to be ‘educationally sub-normal’ and cannot read or write. ‘The chav mum or pram face with her hoop earrings… is the quintessential… single mother… young unwed working-class mothers have always been a target of social stigma.’ She is a stereotype of young girls who get pregnant and comes from a working class background.
The ‘in-groups’ and ‘out-groups’ have changed throughout history. To get into the elite group you need mostly; ‘Grace’ — closer to God, ‘Honour’ — from an honourable family, ranked in social order. The ‘out-group’ contains ‘Natural Fool’ — people with learning difficulties, anyone outside of the norms, someone who liked dressing up, denying the existence of God and sexually promiscuity, ‘Idiot’ — commoners, women of all classes. — C.F Goodey, 2012
Physiognomy (Lavatar, popularised in 1770s) is a way of deciding how a person is characterised based on their facial features. Criminality is inherited. Atavism: criminality can be identified by features such as large jaws, low sloping forehead, flattened or upturned nose, fleshy lips etc. The skulls of criminals reminded Lombroso of inferior races, apes, rodents and birds. (Lombroso, popularised late 1800s/ early 1900s).