Gender is socially constructed definition of men and women.
Suffragette was an early group of feminists whose franchise was the right to vote in public. This image shows the suffragettes as old and ugly, ‘never been kissed’ meaning none of the suffragettes got married.
This image is a comic style cartoon to support the campaign. Showing what a woman may be and still not get any votes, whereas if a man was a convict, drunkard, lunatic etc he wouldn’t lose the votes.
Laura Mulvey is a feminist film theorist. Mulvey’s theory of ’The male gaze’ occurs when the audience is put into the perspective of a heterosexual man. Female characters are for male pleasure and audience, we see through the male’s view. For example a scene may focus on the curves of a woman’s body. putting you the viewer in the eyes of a male. These curves are highlighted in a specific way such as slow motion, deliberate camera movements. Mulvey analysed the way men and women were represented in films, and speculated about how this would appeal to a spectator.
Jacques Lacan (1977) ‘The Mirror Stage’ is a stage in a baby’s development where they recognise they are separate from the image in the mirror. It is at this point the child develops sense of ‘self’ and ‘other’ that influences its thinking for the rest of its life. Social networks such as Instagram is the ideal of ourselves, when we post pictures of ourselves, we miss recognise ourselves in the mirror. Mulvey used Lacan’s idea about the importance of seeing your self ‘visually reflected’ to explain why people like films. When we see a character on screen like us, we identify with it and this helps reinforce our sense of self.
Female objectification. Objectification is related to the gaze, the persons gazed at are objectified, treated as an object whose sole value is to be enjoyed or possessed by the voyeur. Objectified characters are devalued and their humanity is stripped.