The Doodle Revolution

Colouring for mental health and well being. In 2014 3.5 million ‘art therapy’ colouring books were sold in France (mostly to women).

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This colouring book comes with a set of colours, for example pink for the pig’s skin, red for the top, this keeps children from unleashing their imagination, they cannot colour the pig however they want as it is set on their mind. It sends children the message that they are supposed to colour/draw things the way they see it, in real life or TV not the way they want to, or imagine it.

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Fighting against the “damaging effects” of giving a young child such a strictly-defined task. (Mossman, 2015)

Sketch notes are rich visual notes created from a mix of handwriting, drawings, hand-drawn typography, shapes and visual elements like arrows, boxes and lines (Rohde, 2013 – UX design background). Sketch notes are purposeful doodling while listening to something interesting, they don’t require high drawing skills, but do require a skill to visually synthesise and summarise via shapes, connectors and text. Sketch notes are as much a method of note taking as they are a form of creative expression.

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Design and Activism

Activism is taking action to effect social change. Often it is concerned with ‘how to change the world’ through social, political, economic or environmental change.

According to Michel Foucault people do not have ‘real’ identity within themselves; that’s just a way of talking about the self — a discourse. An identity is communicated to others in your interactions with them, but this is not a fixed thing within a person. It is a shifting, temporary construction.

People in power surveying all of us. The tower in the middle watching everyone in the cells, because the inmates are being watched so they behave.

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Malcom X believed in armed offences. The Black Panther party was based on ideas such as black nationalism and a staunch belief in the fundamental of violence and armed self defence in order to secure freedom from white oppression — ideas which are strongly connected with Malcom X’s life work. They would dress up in black clothing, hold guns and had afro hair.

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Gay men would be forced to wear pink triangles during the holocausts in the camp. Rainbow represents freedom.

Taste

“Taste classifies, and it classifies the classifier” — Pierre Bourdieu

In the course of everyday life people constantly choose between what they find aesthetically pleasing and what they consider tacky, merely trendy or ugly. Bourdieu established his study on surveys that took into account, the large quantity of social factors that play a part in a French persons choice of clothing, furniture, leisure activities, dinner menus for guests and many other matters of taste. The different aesthetic choices people make are all distinctions — that is, choices made in opposition to those made by other classes. Taste is not pure.

Non chav holiday: Paris, Japan, cultural holiday, theme parks, class. An example of a chav would be a character from the tv series Little Britain, Vicky Pollard. She is shown a working class, because of her language as she didn’t go school, the way she dresses wearing bright hoodies and tracksuits, necklace and earrings.

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Taste is not fixed, it changes through history. The changing ‘tastes’ for brown bread. Associated with working class originally, using whole-grain flour, white flour had previously been more expensive (coloured with alum), this is now reversed — brown bread is seen as middle class consumable. From brown bread to brown skin — sun tan. Now seen as vulgar – it had been a status symbol – a marker of wealth. However trends keep changing. Royalty would associate tans with the working class — labourers who work the fields. Aristocracy would keep out of the sun or use white face paint to remove any trace of tanning.

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The National Trust is a conservation organisation in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The colours in their houses are dull colours and elegant looking, that are not too eye catching. Symbolising their wealth and class, instead of using bright colours which is considered working class.

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Taste is a battleground of ideology, marked by distinction and difference. It’s inadequate t say people merely have different taste — these tastes are the product of intersecting power relations that seek to valorise those that articulate them.

Review of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) Directed by: David Hand, William Cottrell, Wilfred Jackson,  Larry More, Perce Pearce and Ben Sharpsteen. Produced by Walt Disney Productions.

Snow_White_1937_posterSnow White and the Seven Dwarfs is the first animated feature length film produced by Disney in the 2D drawn style.

Snow White is kindhearted naive princess living with her jealous stepmother, the Evil Queen. The Queen asks her magic mirror daily “who is the fairest one of all” for years the mirror always answered, the Queen was, satisfying her. One day the Magic Mirror proclaims Snow White the fairest one of all, she must flee into the forest, where she befriends the seven dwarfs — Doc, Grumpy, Sneezy, Happy, Sleepy, Bashful and Dopey. But when the Queen tricks Snow White with an enchanted apple, only the magic of true love’s kiss can save her.

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We see the “damsel in distress” theme featured in this film, Snow White is relying on a Prince to come to her rescue. Snow White displays many of the gender specific female stereotypes seen in society, such as doing domestic work around the house, taking care of the dwarfs and animals and being naive enough to take a bite of the poisonous apple given by a stranger whom she just met. Which brings me onto the next point: True love’s kiss? She is woken from the curse by a true loves kiss from Prince Charming, whom she just met which doesn’t give enough time for someone to be in love. Now how can someone fall deeply and passionately in love with someone they just met and give them the ‘true loves kiss’ to wake them up from their sleeping death curse?

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Snow White gives the message to young girls that your duties are nurturing others, cleaning and enjoying it (when it’s really not that fun) and waiting for a Prince to ‘save you.’ Whereas Disney’s latest films are giving powerful messages for example Frozen’s Elsa she doesn’t need rescuing from a man she is a powerful woman who can do anything on her own or with the help of her sister, also another film; Brave, she is seen as independent, fighter and heroic. It shows us that, us girls are not weak we are strong and can fight for ourselves.

The Dark Side Of Illustrations? — Stereotypes

A stereotype is used to categorise a group of people. They are put into classifications, thinking that everyone who is that needs to be like that, or  anyone who acts like their classifications is one.

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The first image is a stereotype of Jewish. Casting the shadow of a big nose over the world. The second image is another stereotype of Jewish. Jewish people were not allowed to eat pigs, also the pigs represent greed. Rats and pests reproduce at alarming rates and they take over, symbolising Jewish people taking over. Also the Jewish symbol in the image shows that they have to legally wear the Jewish sign.

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A stereotype character would be Vicky Pollard from the TV comedy series Little Britain. It is a parody of ‘chavs’ living in the West Country. She left school at 11, has 12 children, mixed race, swapped one baby for a Westlife CD, gets pregnant in order to get a council flat, claims to be ‘educationally sub-normal’ and cannot read or write. ‘The chav mum or pram face with her hoop earrings… is the quintessential… single mother… young unwed working-class mothers have always been a target of social stigma.’ She is a stereotype of young girls who get pregnant and comes from a working class background.

The ‘in-groups’ and ‘out-groups’ have changed throughout history. To get into the elite group you need mostly; ‘Grace’ — closer to God, ‘Honour’ — from an honourable family, ranked in social order. The ‘out-group’ contains ‘Natural Fool’ — people with learning difficulties, anyone outside of the norms, someone who liked dressing up, denying the existence of God and sexually promiscuity, ‘Idiot’ — commoners, women of all classes. — C.F Goodey, 2012

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Physiognomy (Lavatar, popularised in 1770s) is a way of deciding how a person is characterised based on their facial features.  Criminality is inherited. Atavism: criminality can be identified by features such as large jaws, low sloping forehead, flattened or upturned nose, fleshy lips etc. The skulls of criminals reminded Lombroso of inferior races, apes, rodents and birds. (Lombroso, popularised late 1800s/ early 1900s).

Gender

Gender is socially constructed definition of men and women.

Suffragette was an early group of feminists whose franchise was the right to vote in public. This image shows the suffragettes as old and ugly, ‘never been kissed’ meaning none of the suffragettes got married.

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This image is a comic style cartoon to support the campaign. Showing what a woman may be and still not get any votes, whereas if a man was a convict, drunkard, lunatic etc he wouldn’t lose the votes.

Laura Mulvey is a feminist film theorist. Mulvey’s theory of ’The male gaze’ occurs when the audience is put into the perspective of a heterosexual man. Female characters are for male pleasure and audience, we see through the male’s view. For example a scene may focus on the curves of a woman’s body. putting you the viewer in the eyes of a male. These curves are highlighted in a specific way such as slow motion, deliberate camera movements. Mulvey analysed the way men and women were represented in films, and speculated about how this would appeal to a spectator.

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Jacques Lacan (1977) ‘The Mirror Stage’ is a stage in a baby’s development where they recognise they are separate from the image in the mirror. It is at this point the child develops sense of ‘self’ and ‘other’ that influences its thinking for the rest of its life. Social networks such as Instagram is the ideal of ourselves, when we post pictures of ourselves, we miss recognise ourselves in the mirror. Mulvey used Lacan’s idea about the importance of seeing your self ‘visually reflected’ to explain why people like films. When we see a character on screen like us, we identify with it and this helps reinforce our sense of self.

Female objectification. Objectification is related to the gaze, the persons gazed at are objectified, treated as an object whose sole value is to be enjoyed or possessed by the voyeur. Objectified characters are devalued and their humanity is stripped.

Simulations

Before video games there were flight simulators which train pilots in real life situations without killing anyone this process is called virtual reality.

Project Syria — virtual reality used by journalist to communicate the war in Syria.

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Existenz David Cronenberg 1999 – Between reality and virtual reality. The body guard got trapped in the game and it’s changing him. The idea of hyper reality, she’s getting very bored — giving us an alternative world, diving into another world to distract from real life.

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“Disneyland is presented as imaginary i order to make us believe that the rest is real, whereas all of Los Angeles and the America that surrounds it are no longer real, but belong to the hyperreal order and to the order of simulation. It is no longer a question of a false representation of reality (ideology) but of concealing the fact that the real is no longer real, and thus of saving the reality principle.” – Jean Baudrillard. He’s criticising Disneyland, emphasising that Disneyland is not trying to be anything else, not pretending to be something they’re not. Whereas the whole environment in LA is fake, they cant follow reality/real life anymore. Similarly social media is always happy and positive, not knowing if you know the person anymore, kind of concealing the truth.

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According to Alan Bryman (“The Disneyisation of society”, 2004) one of the main foundations for Disneyisation is to increasing the appeal of goods, services and the settings in which they are purveyed in an increasingly homogenised environments. In Disneyland the staff go through smile training and surface acting, everyone is always in a happy mood which is not a natural feeling therefore being fake and unreal.

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“Everything proceeds as if space had been trapped by time, as if there was no history other than the last 48 hours of news, as if each individual history were drawing its motive, its words and images, from the inexhaustible stock of an unending history in the present.” – Marc Auge ‘Non-Places.’ Miss any kind of history he calls non places, he’s criticising the airport — every airports look the same, you’re being guided being through the images and signs. He says supermarkets are no place we just go there and leave however we search for things and ask staff. Carparks could be described as no places.

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Milton Keynes — Designated as a new town and social experiment in 1967. It’s an empty dead city with too many roundabouts also the roads in shopping mall really confusing. “A city by town planners and seemingly lived in solely by accountants and marketing executives. Forty years on, you’ll still struggle to find any “there” there: the continued absence of soul, common in planned towns. The new developments may make it more normal, but they ain’t pretty. Roundabouts and roads, roads: you’ll definitely need a car” – The Guardian, 2007

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